Welcome to MTD: Microbial Transcriptome Database

Dynamic probe selection for studying microbial transcriptome with high-density genomic tiling microarrays
Hedda Hovik* and Tsute Chen+
* Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
+ Department of Molecular Genetics, The Forsyth Institute, Boston, MA, USA
Background. Current commercial high-density oligonucleotide microarrays can hold millions of probe spots on a single microscopic glass slide and are ideal for studying the transcriptome of microbial genomes using a tiling probe design. This paper describes a comprehensive computational pipeline implemented specifically for designing tiling probe sets to study microbial transcriptome profiles.
Algorithm. The pipeline identifies every possible probe sequence from both forward and reverse-complement strands of all DNA sequences in the target genome including circular or linear chromosomes and plasmids. Final probe sequence lengths are adjusted based on the maximal oligonucleotide synthesis cycles allowed and the narrowest melting temperature range possible for every probe. Optimal probes are then selected in two stages - sequential and gap-filling. In the sequential stage, probes are selected from sequence windows tiled alongside the genome. In the gap-filling stage, additional probes are selected from the largest gaps between adjacent probes that have already been selected, until a predefined number of probes is reached. Selection of the highest quality probe within every window and gap is based on five criteria: sequence uniqueness, probe self-annealing, melting temperature, oligonucleotide length, and probe position.
Summary. The probe selection pipeline evaluates global and local probe sequence properties and selects a set of probes dynamically and evenly distributed along the target genome. An exact number of non-redundant probes can be designed to utilize all the available probe spots on any chosen microarray platform. The pipeline can be applied to microbial genomes when designing high-density tiling arrays for comparative genomics, ChIP chip, gene expression and comprehensive transcriptome studies.
Copyright 2007-2008 The Forsyth Institute
Recommended screen resolution: 1280 x 1024 pix XXXXXX